The text of the Draft Resolution on the International Day of Remembrance of the Genocide in Srebrenica has been published

The formal proponents of the Resolution are Germany and Rwanda, and the sponsors are more than 20 other countries, including the most influential Western countries such as the United States of America (USA), Great Britain, France and Italy.

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Memorial to the victims of genocide in Srebrenica with tombstones in the background, Photo: Shutterstock
Memorial to the victims of genocide in Srebrenica with tombstones in the background, Photo: Shutterstock
Disclaimer: The translations are mostly done through AI translator and might not be 100% accurate.

The text of the Draft Resolution on the International Day of Remembrance of the Genocide in Srebrenica, in which the General Assembly of the United Nations (UN) will vote on May 23, after several postponements, has been published, reports Al Jazeera Balkans.

The formal proponents of the Resolution are Germany and Rwanda, and the sponsors are more than 20 other countries, including the most influential Western countries such as the United States of America (USA), Great Britain, France and Italy.

Prime Minister of Montenegro Milojko Spajić said on July 9 in the Assembly that Montenegro will vote in the UN General Assembly for the resolution on the genocide in Srebrenica.

The resolution:

- Decides to declare July 11 as the International Day of Remembrance and Commemoration of the Genocide in Srebrenica 1995, which will be celebrated every year;

- Unreservedly condemns any denial of the genocide in Srebrenica as a historical event, and encourages member states to respect established facts, including developing appropriate programs through their educational systems, going in the direction of preventing denial and distortion, and repetition of genocide in the future;

Actions that glorify those convicted of war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide before international courts are also unreservedly condemned, including those responsible for the genocide in Srebrenica;

He emphasizes the importance of completing the process of finding and identifying the remaining victims of the genocide in Srebrenica and, in accordance with them, burying them with dignity, and calls for the continuation of the prosecution of the perpetrators of the genocide in Srebrenica who have yet to face justice;

All states are encouraged to fully comply with their obligations under the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, as appropriate, and customary international law on the prevention and punishment of genocide, with due regard to relevant decisions of the International Court of Justice;

Requests the Secretary-General to establish an information program entitled "Genocide in Srebrenica and the United Nations", which begins its activities in preparation for the 30th anniversary in 2025, and also requests the Secretary-General to publicize this resolution to all member states, organizations of the system UN and civil society organizations for appropriate respect;

Invites all member states, organizations of the UN system, other international and regional organizations and civil society, including non-governmental organizations, academic institutions and other relevant participants to mark the International Day, including special markings and activities to commemorate and honor the victims of the genocide in Srebrenica 1995, as well as appropriate educational and public awareness activities.

Amendments

Croatian journalist and correspondent of Al Jazeera from Washington Ivica Puljić announced earlier that one of the two amendments of the Government of Montenegro to the proposal of the United Nations (UN) resolution on the genocide in Srebrenica ("International Day of Remembrance and Commemoration of the Genocide in Srebrenica 1995") will be adopted.

"We are waiting for the Montenegrin first amendment on individual guilt to be officially introduced as an addition to the draft. The second amendment is lost," Puljić wrote on Iks late last night.

He announced yesterday that it looks like the vote on the resolution will not be held on May 16.

"Vijesti" announced earlier this month that the first amendment reads: "... Reiterating that guilt for the crime of genocide is individualized and cannot be attributed to any ethnic, religious or other group or community as a whole."

The second states: "Confirming the inviolability of the general framework agreement for peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina in all its provisions".

Srebrenica was a protected zone

Initially, the proponents of the Resolution refer to the UN Charter, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, and recall Security Council Resolution 819 of April 16, 1993 declaring Srebrenica a protected zone, then Resolution 827 of May 25, 1993 on the establishment of the International Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and Resolution 1966 of December 22, 2010 on the establishment of the International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Courts.

It is also reminded of all the judgments of the International Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, especially the eight that contain convictions for the crime of genocide against Bosniaks committed in Srebrenica in 1995.

"States should end impunity and, to that end, thoroughly investigate and prosecute, in accordance with their relevant international legal obligations and their domestic law, the persons responsible for such acts, in order to avoid their repetition and seek sustainable peace, justice, truth and reconciliation", state the authors of the Resolution.

Opposition between Serbia and RS

Serbia and the entity Republika Srpska in Bosnia and Herzegovina B&H oppose the Resolution, and in the UN they are counting on the support of Russia and China and the countries of Africa and South America.

In 2015, in the UN Security Council, Russia blocked the adoption of a resolution condemning the genocide in Srebrenica proposed by Great Britain, and the resolution was supported by the United States of America and the countries of the European Union.

Before the International Court of Justice in The Hague (ICJ), the mass crime in Srebrenica was labeled as genocide committed by members of the Republika Srpska army, and Serbia (then in union with Montenegro) was labeled as responsible for not doing anything to prevent and punish the genocide. perpetrators.

For the genocide and crimes in Srebrenica against more than 8.000 Bosniak men and boys before international courts, including the UN's International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, more than 50 people were sentenced to more than 700 years in prison. The first president of the Republika Srpska, Radovan Karadžić, and the general of the RS army, Ratko Mladić, are among those sentenced to life imprisonment.

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