The world is expecting a dangerous decade and an increase in military spending

In a report, the International Institute for Strategic Studies announced the era of reckless use of military power by individual states

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Ukrainian soldiers during a military exercise last December, Photo: Beta/AP
Ukrainian soldiers during a military exercise last December, Photo: Beta/AP
Disclaimer: The translations are mostly done through AI translator and might not be 100% accurate.

The world has entered an era of heightened instability as countries around the world ramp up military spending in response to Russia's invasion of Ukraine, Hamas' attack on Israel, and China's increasing assertiveness in the South China Sea.

This, as reported by the Associated Press agency, is the conclusion of a new report by the International Institute for Strategic Studies, which also highlights rising tensions in the Arctic, North Korea's efforts to acquire nuclear weapons and the rise of military regimes in Africa's Sahel region as contributing to "the worsening security environment".

This London-based organization has made an annual assessment of the global military situation for the past 65 years.

"The current military and security situation heralds a possible more dangerous decade marked by the reckless use of military power by individual countries to achieve their demands - applying the "right of the stronger" approach, as well as the desire of mutually aligned democracies for stronger bilateral and multilateral defense ties in response," he states. in the report.

Israeli soldiers returning from southern Gaza
Israeli soldiers returning from southern Gazaphoto: REUTERS

Global defense spending rose nine percent to $2,2 trillion last year after Russia's invasion of Ukraine, now in its third year, underscored fears that China and other militarily powerful states may try to impose their will on their neighbors. it is stated in the report of the Institute.

The increase in spending was even stronger in NATO, which supported Ukraine as a bulwark against further Russian incursions into Europe. Alliance members, excluding the US, have increased military spending by 32% since Russia invaded Crimea in 2014, the Institute found. Ten European members reached the Alliance's goal of spending 2% of GDP on defense last year, which is a significant increase compared to 2014, when only two countries met that goal.

European defense spending has been in the spotlight again in recent days after former US President Donald Trump said at a campaign rally that, when he was president, he told an unnamed NATO ally that he would "encourage" Russia to attack alliance members who did not comply. their financial obligations.

Trump's statement caused deep concern among Alliance members such as Poland, where there are fears about the war that Russia is waging in neighboring Ukraine.

One of the key findings of the report, according to the AP, is the fact that Russia lost about 3000 battle tanks during the conflict in Ukraine, which is roughly the number Moscow had at its disposal according to data from the inventory list before the start of the invasion in February 2022.

Although Russia has rebuilt its forces by withdrawing some 2000 older tanks from storage, the Ukrainian government in Kiev is relying on Western countries to provide it with the ammunition and weapons it needs to take on a larger enemy.

"However, Kiev has also continued to demonstrate its ingenuity in other ways, using Western and domestically developed systems to put the Russian Black Sea Fleet in an unenviable position," the Institute said, citing the use of unmanned "vessels" as an example.

The report points out that the lessons learned in the war in Ukraine are beginning to influence military planning in other countries, which particularly relates to the need for increased production of military equipment and the creation of larger stockpiles of materials in case they find themselves in a situation of participating in a prolonged war.

The "just in time" approach that has persisted for nearly three decades is giving way to a "just in case" approach, although achieving those ambitions is full of challenges, the report said.

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